Category — Louis XIII
AS our Folly appear’d in not Relieving and Supporting the King of Bohemia, and the French made their Advantage of it, to lay the Foundation of their rising Greatness: So all the Decrease of the Protestant Interest, both in Germany and afterwards in France, is a double Proof of this Truth, that our Error has been their Advantage.
The not Relieving the Protestants in France, laid the Foundation of their Destruction, and their Destruction Cemented the French Power.
They that say King Charles I. did not Relieve Rochel, say true, and more may be said on that Head hereafter; King Charles I. was ill serv’d in that Affair; I make no Question, but that Prince was very hearty in his own Desires, of Relieving Rochel, and I believe he spent as much Money in the several Enterprises to that purpose, as would effectually have brought it to pass; and therefore they mistake me very much, who expect I should reflect upon his Memory in this Article; but I can no more excuse the Managers of it, than accuse the King. His Majesty parted with large Summs for the Relief of the Protestants, and that at a Time when Money was not very Plentiful, nor easy to come at; but the Misapplication of the Summs, or the ill Conduct Abroad, left his Majesty disappointed, the Nation Buffoon’d and Contemn’d by the French; the Protestants in the utmost Distress, at the Mercy of their Enemies, and drove the King to make a Dishonourable Peace.
This the French fail’d not to make their Advantage of, and treated the English with all the Haughtiness and Insult, that ’twas possible for one Nation to shew, or the other to bear. [Read more →]
July 1, 2008 No Comments
Of the true Causes of the present Greatness of the French Power.
I AM not so arrogant to undertake to give an Account here of all the Causes of the present Grandeur of France; there may be some which I am not sensible of; there may be some which I am not Master of History enough to have known; for I never pretended my Knowledge, to be universal or my Judgment infallible; there may be some conceal’d in the Reason and Nature of Things, which no Man has yet guest at; there may be some conceal’d behind the dark Curtains of Inscrutable Providence, which I nor any Man else have ever yet seen, or had Room to guess at, or the least Circumstance to guide us into the knowledge of.
’Tis hard I should be under the Necessity of making such a Cautionary Exception, but since I have almost as many Opponents as Readers of this Paper, some of whom to requite me for just Exceptions against their Morals and Scandalous Lives, and who by Way of Return for their Nonsence, are ready to object against every thing they see: ’Tis for their Sakes I am oblig’d to make long Digressions, and place needful Cautions in the Front of almost every Paragraph, to let them know where they think they have me; I saw it as well as they; ’tis for their Sakes I am oblig’d to give Reasons for what all Historians in the World have taken the Liberty to do, without asking the Leave of their Readers or making Apologies for.
This might have serv’d for an Answer to a Querulous Pevish Enquirer, whose Two First Questions are reply’d to in the entertaining Part of our last Paper, Whether we do not mistake Preamble for History; but as the Examples I might give in this Case among our best Historians will fully justifie me, without farther insisting on the particular Circumstances of the Author, the Writer, the time I write in, or the Persons that read; I refer the judicious Reader to the several Histories of Sir Walter Raleigh, the Bishop of Sarum, and any either antient or modern, whom they please to quote for me. [Read more →]
June 27, 2008 No Comments
OUr last Paper observ’d, that in this Evil of Duelling, as in most other Cases, several Essays were made as a Remedy before it was brought to Perfection. Lewis XIII. made as severe Edicts against it, as any body could expect, having every day some Broil or other among his Nobility; and Cardinal Richlieu claims the Honour of making the first Edict of this Nature.
But there were two Deficiencies in all they Attempted upon that Head, which the Present King of France effectually supplyed.
First, Tho’ the Edict was severe enough, the King suffered himself to be prevailed with, by Intercession, to remit the Execution of the Sentence, till he came to be Insulted in his very Pallace Royal, and have Murthers committed, and Duels fought under the very Windows of his Bed-Chamber.
This serv’d to convince the World, that this Evil was too predominant to be Cured with Common Application; that something out of the Ordinary way of Justice, must be done to suppress so uncommon a Mischief. [Read more →]
May 20, 2008 1 Comment
THE last Paper insisted upon the Divisions of the Confederacy, being Fatal to their Prosperity, and a Principal Cause of the present Superiority of France, to the rest of Europe.
I presume no body will pretend to call it a false Suggestion, or that it is not too true, that the Confederacy has suffer’d on this Account; If this be not a true Reason, No other can be given, but what will be a Satyr upon the whole Confederacy; since if they were United, and did they Act by Common Concert, it must be Impossible but the French Power, Leagued against by 17 Nations, besides Petty Princes, must, long since, have been reduc’d to Reason.
If then the Divisions of Europe are the Ruin of the Confederacy, they that attempt to Divide them, are accessary to the Destruction of us all, and ought to be Treated accordingly; and there I leave it, to return to the Chain of our Discourse.
I broke off the Articles of the French Authority, over their Subjects, with the Instances of the King’s severe Justice upon Duelling, and the Particulars History and living Testimony give us of the Proceedings in the Courts of Honour. [Read more →]
May 16, 2008 No Comments